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WARFRAME Wiki
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This page is actively being worked on and may not be completely correct. Please assist in making this page accurate. See WARFRAME Wiki:Research on ways to perform research on this game. Click here to add more info.

Cost–benefit analysis on wiki hosting. Not comprehensive.

Defining Needs[]

  • Assume that article webpage sizes in the Main namespace follow a Pareto distribution (or Zipf's law). In other words, generally speaking, there are fewer number of articles that are large compared to rest of articles on the wiki.
  • Assume that article page visits in the Main namespace follow a Pareto distribution. In other words, there are fewer number of articles that have the highest number of daily page visits.

Articles to Test[]

As of 17:56, 27 October 2022 (UTC), top 10 viewed articles in Main namespace:

  • WARFRAME Wiki - Main page, entry point to wiki
  • Warframes - Linked on main page, high traffic b/c serves as portal to different playable characters as well as being a mechanics article
  • Revenant/Prime - Latest Prime Warframe
  • Helminth - End-game system, one of the longer mechanic articles
  • Archon Shard - New resource related to end-game system
  • Kuva Lich/Progenitor - Quick reference table for Progenitor elements b/c not available in-game
  • Revenant - Since Revenant Prime was released, this page serves as popular entry point for learning about his mechanics
  • Mastery Rank - Evergreen article to track latest Mastery XP allocation for completionists and veterans
  • Kuva Lich - Enemy that rewards powerful Kuva variant weapons

Other important articles:

  • Weapon Comparison - Large article for sampling of weapon stats
  • Story and History - One of the largest articles that is mostly text-based
  • Void Relic - Large article
  • Baro Ki'Teer - Large article with lots of media
  • Damage - Large article with lots of wikitables and math formulas
  • Codex - Large article with lots of image assets
  • Glyph - Large article with lots of image assets
  • Stance - One of the few articles that render .gifs which are larger in file size (few hundred KBs)

See Special:LongPages for list of articles that have large wikitext source size. Can assume that the more wikitext present on articles, the larger the resultant browser page size, though keep in mind this isn't always true because of Templates that encapsulate complex wikitext formatting or #invoke Lua scripts.

Article Network Usage[]

As of 05:13, 28 October 2022 (UTC), tested on:

  • Google Chrome (64-bit, version 106.0.5249.119) in incognito mode (no extensions), browser cache disabled.
  • Desktop 1920x1080 @ 94.5 Mbps download, 11.6 Mbps upload, 30 ms latency.
  • Stop when load event is triggered and after most ads load.
  • Only one pass through each page (ideally should perform multiple trials and take averages).
  • Viewing as logged out, anonymous user. Using light theme (default).
Desktop with ads and third-party scripts
Article name # Requests Bytes transferred[1] (MB) Resources loaded[2] (MB) DOMContentLoaded (ms) Load Event (ms) Notes
WARFRAME Wiki 426 5.4 13.5 485 692
Warframes 610 16.9 26.4 701 3910
Revenant/Prime 565 11.5 23.2 621 6300 Standalone subpage, redirect from Revenant Prime
Helminth 627 10.7 28.2 883 6480 Very long and content heavy article, representative of most mechanics articles
Archon Shard 784 11.2 25.2 426 3050 Representative of most resource articles
Kuva Lich/Progenitor 540 23.6 31.7 800 3750 Relatively short article
Revenant 541 7.0 14.9 488 4130 Long article with content hidden behind multiple tabbers, representative of most Warframe articles
Mastery Rank 766 9.3 25.8 590 6870
Kuva Lich 491 21.6 32.8 562 6840 Very long and content heavy article, outlier for most enemy articles; has additional subpages linked on main article
Average 594.44 13.02 24.63 617.33 4669.11

As of 22:47, 29 October 2022 (UTC), tested on:

  • Google Chrome (64-bit, version 107.0.5304.88) in incognito mode (w/ uBlock version 22.4.0), browser cache disabled.
  • Desktop 1920x1080 @ 94.5 Mbps download, 11.6 Mbps upload, 30 ms latency.
  • Stop when load event is triggered and after most resources loaded.
  • Only one pass through each page (ideally should perform multiple trials and take averages).
  • Viewing as logged out, anonymous user. Using light theme (default).
Desktop blocking ads and third-party scripts
Article name # Requests Bytes transferred (MB) Resources loaded (MB) DOMContentLoaded (ms) Load Event (ms) Notes
WARFRAME Wiki 218 2.9 8.1 628 2850
Warframes 395 4.4 9.5 645 4050
Revenant/Prime 275 3.9 8.8 516 3480
Helminth 325 5.7 15.9 1180 5600
Archon Shard 286 3.7 8.9 595 2940
Kuva Lich/Progenitor 343 18.6 23.4 492 3340
Revenant 405 4.6 9.8 618 1030
Mastery Rank 308 4.4 10.6 745 1520
Kuva Lich 340 19.6 27 643 977
Average 321.67 7.53 13.56 673.56 2865.22

As of 21:58, 1 November 2022 (UTC), tested on:

  • Google Chrome (64-bit, version 107.0.5304.88) in incognito mode (no extensions), browser cache disabled.
  • Simulated mobile view, iPhone SE (375x667) @ 36.3 Mbps download, 3.8 Mbps upload, 80 ms latency.
  • Stop when load event is triggered and after most ads load.
  • Only one pass through each page (ideally should perform multiple trials and take averages).
  • Viewing as logged out, anonymous user. Using light theme (default).
Mobile with ads and third-party scripts
Article name # Requests Bytes transferred (MB) Resources loaded (MB) DOMContentLoaded (ms) Load Event (ms) Notes
WARFRAME Wiki 381 8.7 17.0 1900 18570
Warframes 298 4.2 11.7 2010 3320
Revenant/Prime 292 4.0 11.3 1650 2420
Helminth 311 5.8 18.1 6210 9280
Archon Shard 293 4.4 11.9 1780 2600
Kuva Lich/Progenitor 348 5.3 13.6 1500 2260
Revenant 459 6.1 14.7 2690 3830
Mastery Rank 330 5.9 15.5 4800 7130
Kuva Lich 299 5.3 14.4 2520 3880
Average 334.56 5.52 14.24 2784.44 5921.11 Top banner ad appeared on all articles. If we remove 18570 ms outlier for load event, then average is 4340 ms.

As of 21:58, 1 November 2022 (UTC), tested on:

  • Brave (64-bit, version 1.45.116, Chromium 107.0.5304.91) in Private Window (no extensions), browser cache disabled.
  • Simulated mobile view, iPhone SE (375x667) @ 36.3 Mbps download, 3.8 Mbps upload, 80 ms latency.
  • Stop when load event is triggered and after most ads load.
  • Only one pass through each page (ideally should perform multiple trials and take averages).
  • Viewing as logged out, anonymous user. Using light theme (default).
Mobile blocking ads and third-party scripts
Article name # Requests Bytes transferred (MB) Resources loaded (MB) DOMContentLoaded (ms) Load Event (ms) Notes
WARFRAME Wiki 95 1.4 4.5 912 2270
Warframes 109 2.0 5.0 944 1630
Revenant/Prime 108 1.8 4.7 974 2000
Helminth 176 4.2 12.0 2640 6100
Archon Shard 117 2.2 5.2 1290 2050
Kuva Lich/Progenitor 156 1.7 4.5 970 2090
Revenant 131 2.4 5.5 1320 2200
Mastery Rank 120 2.2 6.3 2240 3590
Kuva Lich 146 3.3 8.4 1240 3480
Average 128.67 2.36 6.23 1392.22 2823.33

Breakdown By Asset Type[]

As of 20:54, 7 February 2023 (UTC), tested on:

  • Google Chrome (64-bit, version 110.0.5481.78) in incognito mode (no extensions), browser cache disabled.
  • Desktop 1920x1080 @ 94.5 Mbps (94500 Kbps) download, 11.6 Mbps (11600 Kbps) upload, 30 ms latency.
  • Stop when nothing is happening (all requests and loads completed).
  • Only one pass through each page (ideally should perform multiple trials and take averages).
  • Viewing as logged out, anonymous user. Using light theme (default).
  • No scrolling down page.
Desktop with ads and third-party scripts
Article name # Requests Bytes transferred[3] (B, bytes) Resources loaded[4] (B, bytes) Finish time (s) DOMContentLoaded (ms) Load Event (ms)
Fetch/XHR JS CSS Img Media Font Doc WS (WebSocket) Wasm (WebAssembly) (Web app) Manifest Other Fetch/XHR JS CSS Img Media Font Doc WS Wasm Manifest Other Fetch/XHR JS CSS Img Media Font Doc WS Wasm Manifest Other
WARFRAME Wiki 585 4718029 12698003 Didn't record 602 3870
107 105 22 267 0 3 60 0 0 0 21 187000 2878325 71912 1235900 0 79685 254721 0 0 0 10486 610257 9631142 437738 1247751 0 78484 691037 0 0 0 1594
18.2906% 17.9487% 3.7607% 45.641% 0% 0.5128% 10.2564% 0% 0% 0% 3.5897% 3.9635% 61.0069% 1.5242% 26.1953% 0% 1.6889% 5.3989% 0% 0% 0% 1,783.3302% 4.8059% 75.8477% 3.4473% 9.8264% 0% 0.6181% 5.4421% 0% 0% 0% 0.0126%
Warframes 991 46593264 59423655 32.44 580 707
184 158 22 501 2[5] 9 86 0 0 0 29 290095 4552751 62070 2760487 37822355 315709 787448 0 0 0 2349 856688 14858265 324557 2674787 37820544 313012 2407521 0 0 0 168281
18.5671% 15.9435% 2.22% 50.555% 0.2018% 0.9082% 8.6781% 0% 0% 0% 2.9263% 0.6226% 9.7713% 0.1332% 5.9246% 81.1756% 0.6776% 1.69% 0% 0% 0% 0.005% 1.4417% 25.004% 0.5462% 4.5012% 63.6456% 0.5267% 4.0515% 0% 0% 0% 0.2832%
Revenant/Prime 871 8245230 21399129 24.69 447 3240
186 162 23 378 0 9 75 0 0 0 38 276381 4499918 61911 2381681 0 286706 727556 0 0 0 11077 795333 15365493 322204 2363721 0 283896 2100201 0 0 0 168281
21.3548% 18.5993% 2.6406% 43.3984% 0% 1.0333% 8.6108% 0% 0% 0% 4.3628% 3.352% 54.576% 0.7509% 28.8856% 0% 3.4772% 8.824% 0% 0% 0% 0.1343% 3.7167% 71.8043% 1.5057% 11.0459% 0% 1.3267% 9.8144% 0% 0% 0% 0.7864%
Helminth 964 48232765 65959019 26.56 1330 8000
210 177 28 403 3[5] 18 83 0 0 0 42 938366 5930366 166655 1970234 37823713 523436 869445 0 0 0 10550 991185 20222381 1064796 2145611 37822890 519688 3024187 0 0 0 168281
21.7842% 18.361% 2.9046% 41.805% 0.3112% 1.8672% 8.61% 0% 0% 0% 4.3568% 1.9455% 12.2953% 0.3455% 4.0848% 78.4191% 1.0852% 1.8026% 0% 0% 0% 0.0219% 1.5027% 30.659% 1.6143% 3.2529% 57.343% 0.7879% 4.5849% 0% 0% 0% 0.2551%
Archon Shard 849 46199552 59140503 23.98 562 772
176 147 22 388 2[5] 8 80 0 0 0 26 274771 4333379 60966 2177673 37820679 270732 1257096 0 0 0 4256 833390 14765662 319354 2148883 37820544 268156 2815083 0 0 0 169431
20.7303% 17.3145% 2.5913% 45.7008% 0.2356% 0.9423% 9.4229% 0% 0% 0% 3.0624% 0.5947% 9.3797% 0.132% 4.7136% 81.8637% 0.586% 2.721% 0% 0% 0% 0.0092% 1.4092% 24.9671% 0.54% 3.6335% 63.9503% 0.4534% 4.76% 0% 0% 0% 0.2865%
Kuva Lich/Progenitor 673 20381885 28567417 17.20 496 5910
126 125 22 308 0 8 65 0 0 0 19 236065 3105774 59596 16412211 0 270783 287157 0 0 0 10299 724876 10193498 310052 16391134 0 268156 678150 0 0 0 1551
18.7221% 18.5736% 3.2689% 45.7652% 0% 1.1887% 9.6582% 0% 0% 0% 2.8232% 1.1582% 15.2379% 0.2924% 80.5235% 0% 1.3285% 1.4089% 0% 0% 0% 0.0505% 2.5374% 35.6823% 1.0853% 57.377% 0% 0.9387% 2.3739% 0% 0% 0% 0.0054%
Revenant 713 6415061 14481003 26.98 615 4100
120 107 22 380 1[6] 10 59 0 0 0 14 297822 2698449 61590 2579466 97285 331534 346417 0 0 0 2498 1011000 9000898 323221 2519237 160073 328752 1136271 0 0 0 1551
16.8303% 15.007% 3.0856% 53.2959% 0.1403% 1.4025% 8.2749% 0% 0% 0% 1.9635% 4.6425% 42.0643% 0.9601% 40.2095% 1.5165% 5.1681% 5.4001% 0% 0% 0% 0.0389% 6.9816% 62.1566% 2.232% 17.3968% 1.1054% 2.2702% 7.8466% 0% 0% 0% 0.0107%
Mastery Rank 1227 86155411 104624525 70.00 837 1000
216 200 25 601 4[5] 9 136 0 0 0 36 380658 5990290 62353 2375887 75641358 315784 1386213 0 0 0 2868 1024029 19893017 323758 2279019 75641088 313012 4982161 0 0 0 168441
17.6039% 16.2999% 2.0375% 48.9813% 0.326% 0.7335% 11.0839% 0% 0% 0% 2.934% 0.4418% 6.9529% 0.0724% 2.7577% 87.7964% 0.3665% 1.609% 0% 0% 0% 0.0033% 0.9788% 19.0137% 0.3094% 2.1783% 72.2977% 0.2992% 4.7619% 0% 0% 0% 0.161%
Kuva Lich 855 47157218 61806337 32.27 671 5510
187 153 23 371 2[5] 11 78 0 0 0 30 296586 4887322 112084 2915195 37820679 346692 776120 0 0 0 2540 879429 16743601 693451 2895964 37820544 343908 2261079 0 0 0 168361
21.8713% 17.8947% 2.6901% 43.3918% 0.2339% 1.2865% 9.1228% 0% 0% 0% 3.5088% 0.6289% 10.3639% 0.2377% 6.1819% 80.2013% 0.7352% 1.6458% 0% 0% 0% 0.0054% 1.4229% 27.0904% 1.122% 4.6855% 61.192% 0.5564% 3.6583% 0% 0% 0% 0.2724%
Average ± Standard Deviation 858.6666667 ± 192.0677 34899823.89 ± 27071957 47566621.22 ± 30470035 31.765 ± 16.192658 682.2222222 ± 266.82474 3678.777778 ± 2546.2688
168 148.2222222 23.22222222 399.6666667 1.555555556 9.444444444 80.22222222 0 0 0 28.33333333 353082.6667 4319619.333 79904.11111 3867637.111 25225118.78 304562.3333 743574.7778 0 0 0 6324.777778 858465.2222 14519328.56 457681.2222 3851789.667 25231742.56 301896 2232854.444 0 0 0 112863.5556
19.5652% 17.2619% 2.7045% 46.545% 0.1812% 1.0999% 9.3427% 0% 0% 0% 3.2997% 1.0117% 12.3772% 0.229% 11.0821% 72.2786% 0.8727% 2.1306% 0% 0% 0% 0.0181% 1.8048% 30.5242% 0.9622% 8.0977% 53.0451% 0.6347% 4.6942% 0% 0% 0% 0.2373%

JS Script To Calculate Network Usage[]

CephalonSimaris
“Hunter, I have temporarily disabled that ability.”
This article contains JavaScript scripts that users can run locally in their browser's console or machine. As a warning, which goes for any scripts you copy/run from the Internet, MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND THE CODE BEFORE RUNNING IT LOCALLY FOR YOUR OWN SECURITY! Contact an admin if you have any concerns or questions about a script.

Modified from https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Resource_Timing_API/Using_the_Resource_Timing_API to output in CSV format. These should be ran from your browser's development console and will save a CSV output to your machine.

// Saves a file to local machine
var saveDataToFile = (function() {
  // Creating a temporary DOM element so we can 'click' on an element to download the file.
  // For obvious security reasons, JS running in browser environment does not have direct access to read/writes
  // to local storage. Browser is sandboxed to prevent arbitrary scripts causing damage to clients.
  let a = document.createElement("a");
  return function (data, fileName) {
    let blob = new Blob([data], {type: "octet/stream"});
    let url = window.URL.createObjectURL(blob);

    a.href = url;
    a.download = fileName;
    a.click();
    window.URL.revokeObjectURL(url);
  };
}() );

function calculateLoadTimes() {
  // Check performance support
  if (performance === undefined) {
    console.log("= Calculate Load Times: performance NOT supported");
    return;
  }

  // Get a list of "resource" performance entries
  const resources = performance.getEntriesByType("resource");
  if (resources === undefined || resources.length <= 0) {
    console.log("Calculate Load Times: there are NO `resource` performance records");
    return;
  }

  console.log("= Calculate Load Times");
  let result = ["Index, Resource name, Initiator type, Redirect time (ms), DNS lookup time (ms), TCP handshake time (ms), Secure connection time (ms), Response time (ms), Fetch until response end time (ms), Request start until response end time (ms), Start until response end time (ms)"];
  
  resources.forEach((resource, i) => {
    let resourceRow = [];
    resourceRow.push(i);
    resourceRow.push(`"${resource.name}"`);
    resourceRow.push(`"${resource.initiatorType}"`);
    
    // Redirect time
    let t = resource.redirectEnd - resource.redirectStart;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // DNS time
    t = resource.domainLookupEnd - resource.domainLookupStart;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // TCP handshake time
    t = resource.connectEnd - resource.connectStart;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // Secure connection time
    t = (resource.secureConnectionStart > 0) ? (resource.connectEnd - resource.secureConnectionStart) : 0;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // Response time
    t = resource.responseEnd - resource.responseStart;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // Fetch until response end
    t = (resource.fetchStart > 0) ? (resource.responseEnd - resource.fetchStart) : 0;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // Request start until response end
    t = (resource.requestStart > 0) ? (resource.responseEnd - resource.requestStart) : 0;
    resourceRow.push(t);

    // Start until response end
    t = (resource.startTime > 0) ? (resource.responseEnd - resource.startTime) : 0;
    resourceRow.push(t);
    
    result.push(resourceRow.join(", "));
  });
  
  result = result.join("\n")
  console.log(result);
  saveDataToFile(result, `${(new Date(Date.now())).toLocaleString()} calculateLoadTimes.csv`)
}

function displaySizeData(){
  // Check for support of the PerformanceResourceTiming.*size properties and print their values
  // if supported.
  if (performance === undefined) {
    console.log("= Display Size Data: performance NOT supported");
    return;
  }

  const entries = performance.getEntriesByType("resource");
  if (entries === undefined) {
    console.log("= Display Size Data: performance.getEntriesByType() is NOT supported");
    return;
  }

  // For each "resource", display its *Size property values
  console.log("= Display Size Data");
  let result = ["Index, Resource name, Initiator type, Decoded body size (octets), Encoded body size (octets), Transfer size (octets)"];
  
  entries.forEach((entry, i) => {
    let entryRow = [];
    
    entryRow.push(i);
    entryRow.push(`"${entry.name}"`);
    entryRow.push(`"${entry.initiatorType}"`);
    
    if ("decodedBodySize" in entry) {
      entryRow.push(entry.decodedBodySize);
    } else {
      entryRow.push("null");
    }

    if ("encodedBodySize" in entry) {
      entryRow.push(entry.encodedBodySize);
    } else {
      entryRow.push("null");
    }

    if ("transferSize" in entry) {
      entryRow.push(entry.transferSize);
    } else {
      entryRow.push("null");
    }
    
    result.push(entryRow.join(", "));
  });
  
  result = result.join("\n")
  console.log(result);
  saveDataToFile(result, `${(new Date(Date.now())).toLocaleString()} displaySizeData.csv`)
}

Traffic[]

Site traffic fluctuates in response to, in order of magnitude of changes:

  1. Week of TennoCon (huge marketing campaign)
  2. WARFRAME mainline updates (new gameplay content)
  3. Prime Access release (new Prime Warframe and weapons)
  4. Workweek and weekend and holidays/vacations

In 2022, would say the range of daily visitors is 150,000 to 400,000.

For reference, the (English) Minecraft Fandom wiki sees an average of 17 million visitors a month.[7]

Page Views[]

# Page Views over 30-day period
Start Date End Date Total Page Views
8 January 2023 (UTC) 6 February 2023 (UTC) ~9.73 million
11 February 2023 (UTC) 12 March 2023 (UTC) ~9.13 million
26 February 2023 (UTC) 27 March 2023 (UTC) ~9.36 million
24 April 2023 (UTC) 23 May 2023 (UTC) ~12.68 million

Device Type[]

As of 01:19, 30 October 2022 (UTC), over past 30-day period:

  • ~1.7 million desktop sessions (~53%)
  • ~1.5 million mobile sessions (~47%)
  • ~28 thousand tablet sessions (~1%)
# Device Sessions over 30-day period
Start Date End Date Total Sessions Desktop Sessions Mobile Sessions Tablet Sessions
1 October 2022 (UTC) 30 October 2022 (UTC) ~3.2 million ~1.7 million (~53%) ~1.5 million (~47%) ~28 thousand (~1%)
8 January 2023 (UTC) 6 February 2023 (UTC) ~3.8 million ~2.0 million (~51%) ~1.8 million (~48%) ~31.2 thousand (~1%)
11 February 2023 (UTC) 12 March 2023 (UTC) ~3.5 million ~1.9 million (~53%) ~1.6 million (~46%) ~27.9 thousand (~1%)
26 February 2023 (UTC) 27 March 2023 (UTC) ~3.61 million ~1.94 million (~54%) ~1.64 million (~46%) ~28.5 thousand (~1%)
24 April 2023 (UTC) 23 May 2023 (UTC) ~4.87 million ~2.70 million (~56%) ~2.12 million (~44%) ~37.3 thousand (~1%)

Browser Usage[]

As of 01:19, 30 October 2022 (UTC), over past 30-day period:

  • ~2 million Google Chrome sessions (~69%)
  • ~530 thousand Safari sessions (~18%)
  • ~200 thousand Firefox sessions (~6%)
  • ~200 thousand "Other" browser sessions (~7%)
# Device Sessions over 30-day period
Start Date End Date Total Sessions Google Chrome Sessions Safari Sessions Firefox Sessions "Other" Sessions
1 October 2022 (UTC) 30 October 2022 (UTC) ~2.9 million ~2 million (~69%) ~530 thousand (~18%) ~200 thousand (~6%) ~200 thousand (~7%)
9 January 2023 (UTC) 6 February 2023 (UTC) ~3.46 million ~2.32 million (~67%) ~660 thousand (~19%) ~195 thousand (~6%) ~280 thousand (~8%)
11 February 2023 (UTC) 12 March 2023 (UTC) ~3.18 million ~2.17 million (~68%) ~570 thousand (~18%) ~190 thousand (~6%) ~258 thousand (~8%)
26 February 2023 (UTC) 27 March 2023 (UTC) ~3.26 million ~2.23 million (~68%) ~575 thousand (~18%) ~193 thousand (~6%) ~261 thousand (~8%)
24 April 2023 (UTC) 23 May 2023 (UTC) ~4.39 million ~2.99 million (~68%) ~749 thousand (~17%) ~272 thousand (~6%) ~378 thousand (~9%)

Geolocation[]

As of 01:19, 30 October 2022 (UTC), over past 30-day period and listing major cities within these regions that have prominent data centers:

Edit Count[]

Under normal circumstances, the max amount of main article edits in a single day would probably be 50-100. Following mainline updates, we would see up to 500-1000 edits a day over a 7-day period. When there is a bot running, expect 500+ additional edits on a particular date.

For comment activity (new comments, new replies, edited comments, and deleted comments)[8]:

  • 30 October 2022, 82
  • 29 October 2022, 108
  • 28 October 2022, 98
  • 27 October 2022, 66
  • 26 October 2022, 74
  • 25 October 2022, 88
  • 24 October 2022, 73
  • 23 October 2022, 82
  • 22 October 2022, 51
  • 21 October 2022, 68
  • 20 October 2022, 78
  • 19 October 2022, 68
  • Daily average, 78

Thus, over a 30-day period, doing some napkin math:

  • 1500-3000 edits to wiki article content if there are no major game updates; this can translate to number of database writes/reads
    • Add 500-1000+ edits if you want to include media uploads, see Special:Log/upload for some reference on monthly uploads
  • 4550-9100 edits if there is one major game update; this number is higher if heavy mainline update
  • 2340 comments during a stable month, no major mainline; this number will probably double or 1.5x when game changing content is released

Hard numbers from Special:Analytics (2022-11-20 to 2022-12-19 UTC)

Date Edit Count Notes
2022-11-20 24
2022-11-21 59
2022-11-22 93
2022-11-23 91
2022-11-24 53
2022-11-25 330 User:ScientiaBot mass uploading of mod assets from Public Export
2022-11-26 70
2022-11-27 70
2022-11-28 100
2022-11-29 109
2022-11-30 445 Update 32.2 (2022-11-30) Lua's Prey mainline
2022-12-01 561
2022-12-02 270
2022-12-03 298
2022-12-04 361
2022-12-05 141
2022-12-06 643 Luafication of Ability infoboxes via Module:Ability/infobox
2022-12-07 383
2022-12-08 238
2022-12-09 56
2022-12-10 49
2022-12-11 109
2022-12-12 37
2022-12-13 1083 User:ScientiaBot mass uploading of mod assets from Public Export
2022-12-14 177 Hotfix 32.2.5 (2022-12-14) BaruukPrimeIcon272 Baruuk Prime Access
2022-12-15 422
2022-12-16 109
2022-12-17 65
2022-12-18 120
2022-12-19 38
Total 6604 Average 220.1333 edits a day; remove 1083 outlier then average 190.3793 edits a day

Data Egress[]

We can define an upper bound for data egress based on known approximates for webpage sizes and visitor count.

Assumptions:

  • We assume that data egress from wiki editing user flow, commenting user flow, and API usage are negligible since the majority of users are simply readers who read the site as it is.
  • No caching on user's end.
  • Serving pure static webpages of wiki content.

Say we use #Article Network Usage's "Desktop blocking ads and third-party scripts" averages (7.53 megabytes transferred over network for a webpage) and 9.7 million page visits over a 30-day period (basically a month).

  • 9,700,000 * 7.53 = 73,041,000 megabytes transferred over network over a 30-day period or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 1,000 = 73,041 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 73.041 terabytes.
  • 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 = 2,434,700 megabytes transferred over network daily or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 / 1,000 = 2,434.7 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 2.4347 terabytes.
    • 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 * 365 = 888,665,500 megabytes transferred over network in a year or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 * 365 / 1,000 = 888,665.5 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 7.53 / 30 * 365 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 888.6655 terabytes.

TL;DR

  • ~2.43 TB daily data egress
  • ~73 TB monthly data egress
  • ~889 TB yearly data egress

Images Only[]

From #Breakdown By Asset Type, say an average of 3.867637 MB (3867637.111 bytes) of images are loaded per page visit (note that this value is derived from ads + article content so worst possible case), assuming no caching is done on user's end, and 9.7 million page visits over a 30-day period (basically a month).

  • 9,700,000 * 3.867637 = 37,516,078.9 megabytes transferred over network over a 30-day period or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 1,000 = 37,516.0789 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 37.5161 terabytes.
  • 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 = 1,250,535.9633 megabytes transferred over network daily or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 / 1,000 = 1,250.536 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 1.2505 terabytes.
    • 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 * 365 = 456,445,626.6167 megabytes transferred over network in a year or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 * 365 / 1,000 = 456,445.6266 gigabytes or 9,700,000 * 3.867637 / 30 * 365 / 1,000 / 1,000 = 456.4456 terabytes.

TL;DR

  • ~1.25 TB daily data egress
  • ~38 TB monthly data egress
  • ~456 TB yearly data egress

Volume Usage[]

Single VM instance volume usage for production use:

  • Using Ubuntu as reference OS, Ubuntu Server Edition uses a minimum of 2.5 gigabytes[9]
  • MediaWiki application requires ~100 megabytes[10][11]
    • Requires PHP (~20 megabytes) and other PHP extensions as dependencies which add say ~20 megabytes
  • 25 gigabyte volume should be more than enough with >10 GB of overhead and leeway
    • Also gives room for adding development and monitoring tools
    • Room for additional MediaWiki extensions

For wiki content:

MIME type Possible extensions Number of files Combined size
Videos
video/youtube N/A 4,833 (10.9%) 123,291,754 bytes (117.58 MiB; 0.669%)
video/vimeo N/A 1 (0.00227%) 12,564 bytes (12 KiB; 0.0000681%)
video/dailymotion N/A 2 (0.00453%) 96,068 bytes (94 KiB; 0.000521%)
application/ogg .ogx, .ogg, .ogm, .ogv, .oga, .spx, .opus 4 (0.00906%) 17,768,993 bytes (16.95 MiB; 0.0964%)
Video total N/A 4,840 (11%) 141,169,379 bytes (134.63 MiB; 0.766%)
Office
application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics .odg 1 (0.00227%) 1,993,932 bytes (1.9 MiB; 0.0108%)
application/pdf .pdf 3 (0.0068%) 399,184 bytes (390 KiB; 0.00217%)
Office total N/A 4 (0.00906%) 2,393,116 bytes (2.28 MiB; 0.013%)
Rich media
application/ogg .ogx, .ogg, .ogm, .ogv, .oga, .spx, .opus 1 (0.00227%) 10,823 bytes (11 KiB; 0.0000587%)
Drawings (vector images)
image/svg+xml .svg 188 (0.426%) 2,653,287 bytes (2.53 MiB; 0.0144%)
Bitmap images
image/vnd.microsoft.icon .ico 1 (0.00227%) 1,150 bytes (1 KiB; 0.00000624%)
image/png .png, .apng 22,065 (50%) 10,302,730,202 bytes (9.6 GiB; 55.9%)
image/jpeg .jpeg, .jpg, .jpe 11,434 (25.9%) 4,109,123,012 bytes (3.83 GiB; 22.3%)
image/gif .gif 929 (2.1%) 2,540,460,709 bytes (2.37 GiB; 13.8%)
Image total N/A 34,429 (78%) 16,952,315,073 bytes (15.79 GiB; 91.9%)
Audio
application/ogg .ogx, .ogg, .ogm, .ogv, .oga, .spx, .opus 4,684 (10.6%) 1,338,931,170 bytes (1.25 GiB; 7.26%)
All media total N/A 44,146 (100%) 18,437,472,848 bytes (17.17126 GiB; 100%)

Cost[]

  • Assume service uptime for 730 hours per month (365 days x 24 hours/day = 730.5 hours ≈ 730 hours, ignoring leap years)
  • There is a nuance between Gigabyte (GB) and Gibibyte (GiB) which may not be detailed in vendors' articles (they may not be clear which one is being referred to or use them interchangeably)
    • Generally speaking, when talking about RAM, manufacturers use the binary number system (base-2) like kibibytes (210 = 1,024 bytes) and gibibytes (230 = 1,073,741,824 bytes). For persistent storage like hard drives or SSDs, manufacturers use base-10 like kilobytes (103 = 1,000 bytes) and gigabytes (109 = 1,000,000,000 bytes).
    • Though it is standard for "Gb" in Gbps to refer to Gigabits (109 bits transferred per second) when talking about data transfer over network
  • Ideally don't want to mix-match different cloud providers since that complicates billing and requires extra work to make sure different vendors handshake properly (configurations, APIs, and the like)
    • Though if it is cheaper to use a third-party/external service over a first-party offering while meeting the same performance/needs then it may be a worthwhile idea to look at these alternative solutions.
  • Using United States dollar (USD or US$) for billing currency

Some general trends to note:

  • Most vendors offer usage rates by hour (pay-per-use) and month (subscription-based); usually there is a discount if you commit to a long-term usage plan (typically 1+ year duration)
    • Most vendors should have a service for generating a monthly invoice though they may not always be (fully) transparent, itemizing fees and service usage
      • Sometimes they provide an API that has a billing endpoint so customers can build their own invoices
    • Base rates can change on a whim (have seen hourly rates that change by US$0.01 within a week) presumably based on market demands and supply (e.g. if the cost of electricity goes up in one region, expect cloud service rates to also increase)
  • Usage-based charges:
    • vCPU hours: Charge for every hour that virtual CPU instance is active/reserved (not necessarily 100% usage)
    • Storage: Charge for every gigabyte/gibibyte that is being used per hour
    • Bandwidth: Data ingress is usually free while data egress to the internet and cloud services provided by the same vendor will charge by gigabyte/gibibyte transferred (size of response, includes header and body)
    • Request usage: Requests are recorded individually and presented in units of 10,000
  • Cloud services are designed to scale up and down in response to demand; you will be billed for any changes to running services
  • Good cloud providers should be transparent with their (complicated) pricing. There should usually be clear documentation on the topic or a price calculator to estimate costs.
  • Most of the time "free"-tier plans or trial periods still require a valid payment method on sign-up (e.g. credit card, debit card, PayPal)
  • Larger, more established cloud providers have a sophisticated support plan system that range from basic customer support (e.g. email or call center) to on-demand, real-time technical help for mission critical issues
  • Over a long-term period, vendor lock-in from proprietary cloud services may prevent/hinder pivoting efforts to another cloud provider (or even self-hosting). It may be convenient for everything to just work out-of-the-box when using the technology stack of a single vendor, but there is a cost (as in time and labor) associated in migrating or decoupling infrastructure to meet future business objectives when current solutions are not adequate.

Vendors[]

Cloud Computing[]

General Cloud Computing Vendor Information (Last updated: 22:22, 3 November 2022 (UTC))
Vendor Availability Zones[12] Support Plans Free Tier/Trial?[13] References
Alibaba Cloud
  • US West, US East
  • Central Europe, UK
  • East Asia, SE Asia, South Asia, Hong Kong
    • High presence in Mainland China and SE Asia compared to other vendors
  • AU East
  • "Basic" support plan included for all Alibaba Cloud customers
  • "Developer" tier @ US$19.99 / month
  • "Business" tier starting @ US$100 / month
  • "Enterprise" tier starting @ US$8k / month
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • US West, US East, Canada Central
  • Brazil
  • Central Europe, North Europe, UK
  • Middle East
  • South Africa
  • East Asia, SE Asia, South Asia, Hong Kong
    • Mainland China's AWS services are operated by third-party partners:
      • Beijing region under Sinnet Technology
      • Ningxia region under Western Cloud Data Technology (NWCD)
  • AU East
  • Multiple edge locations per continent
  • "Basic" support plan included for all AWS customers
  • "Developer" tier @ greater of US$29.00 OR 3% of monthly AWS charges
  • "Business" tier @ greater of US$100.00 OR the following:
    • 10% of monthly AWS charges for the first US$0-US$10K
    • 7% of monthly AWS charges from US$10K-US$80K
    • 5% of monthly AWS charges from US$80K-US$250K
    • 3% of monthly AWS charges over US$250K
  • "Enterprise On-Ramp" tier @ greater of US$5500.00 OR 10% of monthly AWS charges
  • "Enterprise" tier @ greater of US$15k OR the following:
    • 10% of monthly AWS charges for the first US$0-US$150K
    • 7% of monthly AWS charges from US$150K-US$500K
    • 5% of monthly AWS charges from US$500K-US$1M
    • 3% of monthly AWS charges over US$1M
  • Yes, select "Always Free" here (requires credit card)
  • AWS Activate Founders program for startups reward US$1,000 to US$100,000 in credits
  • Otherwise no immediately available credits on signup
DigitalOcean
  • US West, US East, Canada Central
  • Central Europe, UK
  • SE Asia, South Asia
  • "Free" support plan included for all DigitalOcean customers
  • "Standard" tier @ US$100 / month
  • "Premium" tier @ US$1000 / month
Yes, US$200 credit for new accounts for first 60 days (requires credit card)
Google Cloud Platform
  • US West, US Central, US East, Canada Central
  • Chile, Brazil
  • Central Europe, North Europe, UK
  • Middle East
  • East Asia (not mainland China), SE Asia, South Asia, Hong Kong
  • AU East
  • Known as "Cloud Customer Care"
  • "Basic" support plan included for all Google Cloud customers
  • "Standard" tier @ US$29/month + 3% of monthly charges
  • "Enhanced" tier @ US$500/month + 3% of monthly charges
  • "Premium" tier @ US$12.5K/month + 4% of monthly charges
Yes, US$300 credit for new accounts for first 90 days + free tier (requires credit card)
IBM Cloud
  • US West, US East
  • Brazil
  • Central Europe, North Europe, UK
  • East Asia (not mainland China), SE Asia, South Asia, Hong Kong
  • AU West, AU East
  • "Basic" support plan included for all IBM Cloud customers
  • "Advanced" tier @ US$200 / month
  • "Premium" tier @ US$10k / month
Yes, US$200 credit for new accounts for first 30 days + free tier (requires credit card)
Linode (acquired by Akamai)
  • US West, US East, Canada Central
  • Central Europe, UK
  • East Asia (not mainland China), SE Asia, South Asia
  • AU East
  • Closest is "Linode Professional Services" which involve in-house system admins; requires quote, no public pricing
Yes, US$100 credit for new accounts for first 60 days (no credit card required)
Microsoft Azure
  • US West, US East, US Central, Canada Central
  • Brazil
  • West Europe, Central Europe, North Europe, UK
  • Middle East
  • South Africa
  • East Asia, SE Asia, South Asia
    • Mainland China's Azure services are operated by third-party partner 21Vianet
  • AU East
  • Basic support included for all Azure customers
  • "Developer" tier for "Trial and non-production environments" @ US$29 / month
  • "Standard" tier for "Production workload environments" @ US$100 / month
  • "Professional Direct" tier for "Business-critical dependence" @ US$1000 / month
Yes, US$200 credit for new accounts for first 30 days + popular services free for 12 months + always free tier (credit card required)
Oracle Cloud
  • US West, US East, Mexico
  • Brazil, Chile
  • West Europe, Central Europe, North Europe
  • Middle East
  • South Africa
  • East Asia (no mainland China), South Asia
  • AU East
  • Standard support for cloud infrastructure included for all Oracle Cloud customers
  • "Platinum-Level Support Services" included in all SaaS subscriptions
  • Otherwise, no known support plan
Yes, US$300 credit for new accounts for first 30 days + always free tier (credit card required)
OVHcloud
  • US West, US East, Canada Central
  • West Europe, Central Europe, UK
  • SE Asia
  • AU East
  • "Standard" support plan included for all OVHcloud customers
  • "Premium" tier for "non-critical production environments" @ US$56 /month
  • "Business" tier for "production environments" starting @ US$300 /month
  • "Enterprise" tier for "critical production environments with business challenges" starting @ US$5850 /month
  • Yes, but have to contact sales for free trial offering
  • Separate US$35 credit for new accounts with code CLOUD-WE (valid as of 17:24, 28 October 2022 (UTC)) (credit card required)
  • Otherwise, no free tier
Tencent Cloud
  • US West, US East, US Central, Canada Central
  • Brazil
  • Central Europe, UK
  • East Asia, SE Asia, South Asia
    • High presence in Mainland China and SE Asia compared to other vendors
  • AU East
  • Known as "Infrastructure Event Management"
  • No public pricing
Yes, US$50 for new non-enterprise accounts for first 30 days + always free tier (requires credit card)

CDN[]

General CDN Vendor Information
Vendor Product Locations Support Plans Free Tier/Trial? References
Akamai Cloud Wrapper
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Europe
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Japan
  • Japan + Singapore (Dualmap)
  • North America (Dualmap)
  • Singapore
  • US East
  • US West
  • Has presence in mainland China, but no clear documentation
  • No known support plan, use normal customer support contact
No
Bunny Bunny CDN
  • No public support plan, contact sales
  • Otherwise go through normal support channels
Yes, 14-day free trial
Cloudflare Cloudflare CDN
  • Different levels of support depending on Cloudflare subscription plan (not separate billing)
Yes
Fastly Fastly CDN
  • "Standard" - basic support, free for customers
  • "Gold" - 24/7 incident response, contact sales for pricing
  • "Enterprise" - 24/7 incident response and additional points of contact, contact sales for pricing
  • Can try for free up to US$50 of traffic
Scaleflex Cloudimage (static image CDN)
  • 1,000+ points of presence (PoP) on all continents (not Antarctica of course)
  • Has presence in Mainland China partnering with Alibaba Cloud and CDNetworks (who is partnered with TXNetworks)
  • No known support plan, use normal customer support contact
Yes

Compute[]

Trying to get as close as possible to these comparable VM specs for a baseline price with available vendor configurations, not necessarily will use these specs for development or production:

  • Linux-based OS
  • 2 cores
    • 64-bit CPU architecture (not really concerned with which one: x84, AMD64, or ARM64)
  • 8 GiB RAM
  • 100 GB SSD

Would likely require at least two separate compute instances, one for handling web requests (web server) and the other for running MediaWiki (application server). Database would exist in its own instance(s) under a different product name.

Would also want to look more into burstable instances because wiki activity has an irregular pattern because of the nature of WARFRAME as a live-service game (peaks when a new mainline update is released and troughs when there is a "content drought"; even higher peaks during the annual event TennoCon). Nowadays, WARFRAME goes through a quarterly update cycle, but it used to push more frequent updates as often as monthly.

Vendor Compute Products
Vendor Product (Instance) Features Virtual Cores Memory Storage Public Network Speed Private Network Speed Starting Price[14] Free Tier/Trial? References
Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ecs.g6.large)
  • Intel Xeon(Cascade Lake) Platinum 8269CY
  • US Silicon Valley
2 8 GiB 100 GiB "Enhanced" SSD US$65.59 / month Yes
Amazon Web Services (AWS) Amazon EC2 (m5.large) 2 8 GiB 100 GiB SSD (gp2) through EBS[15] 25 Gbps max (network) 4750 Gbps (EBS)
  • EC2 instance: US$81.76 / month @ US$0.112 / hour
    • If locked into 1 year term, US$51.83 / month @ US$0.071 / hour
  • EBS: US$0.12 per GiB / month; 100 GiB would be US$12 / month
  • Total: US$93.76 / month
    • If locked into 1 year term, US$63.83 / month
Yes, 750 hours/month for 12 months
DigitalOcean Droplets (Basic Droplets) "Regular" CPU 2 4 GiB 80 GiB US$24 / month Yes
Google Cloud Platform Compute Engine (e2-standard-2) 2 8 GiB 100 GiB 4 Gbps max
  • VM instance: US$58.75 / month (Los Angeles us-west2)
  • Persistent disk: US$0.204 per GiB / month (Los Angeles us-west2); 100 GiB would be US$20.4 / month
  • Total: US$58.75 + US$20.4 = US$79.15 / month
US$300 credit + free tier
IBM Cloud Virtual server for VPC (bx2-2x8) 2 8 GiB 100 GB 3 Gbps max 1 Gbps US$71.27 / month
Linode Shared CPU (Linode 4 GB)
  • "CPU, transfer, storage, and RAM bundled into one flat price across all data centers."
2 4 GB 80 GB SSD 40 Gbps in / 4 Gbps out US$20 / month @ US$$0.03 / hour US$100 credit for first 60 days
Microsoft Azure Virtual Machines (D2ps v5)
  • Ampere processor
2 8 GiB 128 GiB "Premium" SSD (P10)
  • VM: US$65.41 / month @ US$0.09 / hour (West US 1)
  • Disk storage: US$19.71 / month, no hourly rate (West US 1)
  • Total: US$85.12 / month
Yes, 12 months free
Oracle Cloud Compute Virtual Machines (AMD VM.Standard.E4.Flex)
  • "OCI customers receive a real fraction of the underlying physical infrastructure" instead of virtual resources
    • "The Oracle CPU (OCPU) unit of measurement for x86 OCPUs is worth at least two vCPUs."
    • "We expect our customers to use the resources that they purchase for the workloads they run on our cloud. No company wants business-critical applications like Oracle Database or E-Business Suite to stop working under a load because their public cloud provider has oversubscribed the underlying infrastructure."
2 ("1 OCPU") 8 GB 200 GB (free tier discount) US$27.53 / month @ 1 instance x 744 hrs/month
OVHcloud Public Cloud (b2-7 in Hillsboro, Oregon)
  • Simple billing - bundled compute, memory, storage, and transfer resources
2 7 GB 50 GB SSD 250 Mbps guaranteed 300 Mbps max
  • Hourly pricing: US$59.35 / month @ US$0.0813 / hour
  • Monthly pricing: US$29.04 / month
Yes, but have to contact sales
Tencent Cloud Cloud Virtual Machine (Standard S3) 2 8 GB 100 GB SSD 100 Mbps max outbound / 5 Gbps max inbound
  • Cloud Virtual Machine: US$64.8 / month @ US$0.09 / hour (US West Silicon Valley)
  • Cloud Block Storage: US$0.16 per GB / month or US$0.0003 per GB / hour (US West Silicon Valley)
    • If paid at month rate, then 100 GB SSD would cost US$16.00 / month
  • Total: US$80.8 / month if paid at monthly rate
    • Excluding Public Network Fee: US$0.077 per GB / hour, bill-by-traffic (US West Silicon Valley)

External Links[]

Databases[]

  • Preferably want MariaDB support over MySQL since the former is philosophically more inline with FOSS principles
  • PostgresDB can also work, but has second-class support. Wikimedia Foundation uses MariaDB and MySQL for their websites so both have first-party support within MediaWiki.
Vendor SQL Database Products
Vendor Product (Instance) Features Virtual Cores Memory Storage Public Network Speed Private Network Speed Starting Price Free Tier/Trial? References
Alibaba Cloud Yes
Amazon Web Services (AWS) Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) (db.m5.xlarge in US West Los Angeles)
  • "2.5 GHz Intel Xeon® Platinum 8175 processors with new Intel Advanced Vector Extension (AXV-512) instruction set"
  • "EBS Optimized"
  • "Enhanced Networking"
  • "Powered by the AWS Nitro System, a combination of dedicated hardware and lightweight hypervisor"
4 (2 physical) 16 GiB EBS-only Up to 10 Gbps Up to 4,750 Mbps dedicated EBS bandwidth
  • db.m5.xlarge instance for US$299.80 / month @ US$0.4104 / hour
    • Single-AZ Deployment
  • "Amazon RDS provides you the ability to select from 20 GiB to 3 TiB of associated magnetic storage capacity for your primary data set. Magnetic storage is supported for backward compatibility. We recommend that you use General Purpose SSD or Provisioned IOPS SSD for any new storage needs."
Magnetic Storage for Single-AZ Deployment US West (Northern California)
Storage Rate US$0.11 per GB / month
I/O Rate $0.11 per 1 million requests
Data Transfer pricing
Pricing
Data Transfer IN To Amazon RDS From Internet
All data transfer in US$0.00 per GB
Data Transfer OUT From Amazon RDS To Internet
AWS customers receive 100GB of data transfer out to the internet free each month, aggregated across all

AWS Services and Regions (except China and GovCloud). The 100 GB free tier for data transfer out to the internet is global and does not apply separately or individually to AWS Regions.

First 10 TB / Month US$0.09 per GB
Next 40 TB / Month US$0.085 per GB
Next 100 TB / Month US$0.07 per GB
Greater than 150 TB / Month US$0.05 per GB
Data Transfer OUT From Amazon RDS To...
Amazon CloudFront US$0.00 per GB
Other Availability Zones (e.g. US East (N. Virginia)) US$0.02 per GB
  • "Data transferred between Amazon RDS and Amazon EC2 Instances in the same Availability Zone is free."
  • "Data transferred between Availability Zones for replication of Multi-AZ deployments is free."
  • "Amazon RDS DB Instances outside VPC: For data transferred between an Amazon EC2 instance and Amazon RDS DB Instance in different Availability Zones of the same Region there is no Data Transfer charge for traffic in or out of the Amazon RDS DB Instance. You are only charged for the Data Transfer in or out of the Amazon EC2 instance, and standard Amazon EC2 Regional Data Transfer charges apply ($.01 per GB in/out)."
  • "Amazon RDS DB Instances inside VPC: For data transferred between an Amazon EC2 instance and Amazon RDS DB Instance in different Availability Zones of the same Region, Amazon EC2 Regional Data Transfer charges apply on both sides of transfer."
  • "DB Snapshot Copy is charged for the data transferred to copy the snapshot data across regions. Once the snapshot is copied, standard database snapshot charges will apply to store it in the destination region."
  • "Cross Region Automated Backups is charged for the data transferred to copy the DB snapshot and DB transaction logs across regions. Once the snapshot is copied, standard database snapshot charges will apply to store it in the destination region. There is no additional charge for storage of the DB transaction logs."
  • "As part of AWS’s Free Usage Tier, AWS customers receive 100 GB of free data transfer out to the internet free each month, aggregated across all AWS Services and Regions (except China and GovCloud)."
  • "Rate tiers take into account your aggregate Data Transfer Out usage across Amazon EC2, Amazon EBS, Amazon S3, Amazon Glacier, Amazon RDS, Amazon SimpleDB, Amazon SQS, Amazon SNS, AWS Storage Gateway, Amazon DynamoDB, and Amazon VPC."
Yes, for each calendar month under AWS Free Tier:
  • "750 hours of Amazon RDS Single-AZ db.t2.micro, db.t3.micro, and db.t4g.micro Instances usage running MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL databases each month. If running more than one instance, usage is aggregated across instance classes."
  • "750 hours of Amazon RDS Single-AZ db.t2.micro Instance usage running Oracle BYOL or SQL Server (running SQL Server Express Edition). Oracle BYOL db.t3.micro Single-AZ Instance usage is also included as part of the Amazon RDS free tier. If running both a db.t2.micro Single-AZ Instance and a db.t3.micro Single-AZ Instance on Oracle BYOL, usage is aggregated across Instance classes."
  • "20 GB of General Purpose (SSD) DB storage."
  • "20 GB of storage for your automated database backups and any user-initiated DB Snapshots."
DigitalOcean
Google Cloud Platform
IBM Cloud
Linode US$100 credit for first 60 days
Microsoft Azure Yes, 12 months free
Oracle Cloud
OVHcloud Yes, but have to contact sales
Tencent Cloud

Storage (for static hosting)[]

Cloud Storage[]

Vendor Cloud Storage Products
Vendor Product (Region) Features Pricing Free Tier/Trial? References
Alibaba Cloud Object Storage Service (OSS) (US Silicon Valley)
Standard (LRS) Storage Plan pricing (global regions)
Standard (LRS) Storage Plan Capacity 1 Month (USD) 6 Months (USD) (17% Off) 1 Year (USD) (25% Off)
40GB - 0.99 1.98
100GB 1.40 6.97 12.60
500GB 7.00 34.86 63.00
1TB 14.34 71.40 129.02
2TB 28.67 142.78 258.04
5TB 71.68 356.97 645.12
10TB 143.36 713.93 1290.24
...
Up to 3PB but that is overkill for our use cases
Storage class pricing (US Silicon Valley)
Storage class All Capacity Unit Price for Pay-as-you-go (/GB/Month)
Standard 0~5GB Free
Standard >5GB US$0.0160
Infrequent Access (IA) All Capacity US$0.0100
Archive All Capacity US$0.0045
Cold Archive Storage All Storage US$0.0020
Cold Archive Storage Temporary replica (LRS) capacity US$0.0160
  • "OSS Infrequent Access Storage and Archive Storage have a minimum billable object size of 64KB. Smaller objects may be stored but users will still be charged for 64KB of storage."
  • "IA objects have a minimum storage period of 30 days. If you delete, overwrite, or convert the storage class of an IA object that is stored for less than 30 days, you are charged for the object as it is stored for the entire 30 days."
  • "Archive Storage is charged for a minimum storage duration of 60 days. Objects that are deleted, overwritten, or transitioned to a different storage class before 60 days will incur the normal usage charge plus a pro-rated charge for the remainder of the 60-day minimum. Objects stored 60 days or longer will not incur a 60-day minimum request charge"
Outbound Traffic Plan pricing (US Silicon Valley)
Outbound Traffic Plan Capacity 1 Month (USD) 6 Months (USD)(17% off) 1 Year (USD)(25% off)
100GB 7.60 37.85 68.40
300GB 22.80 113.54 205.20
500GB 38.00 189.24 342.00
1TB 77.84 387.56 700.42
...
Up to 5PB outbound traffic but that is overkill for our use cases
Unit Price for Outbound Traffic over the Internet (US Silicon Valley)
Traffic Unit Price for Pay-as-you-go
0-100GB Free
100GB-10TB US$0.0760 / GB
10TB-50TB US$0.0690 / GB
50TB-150TB US$0.0600 / GB
>150TB US$0.0430 / GB

"OSS egress to Alibaba Cloud CDN is free when both requests to CDN and the OSS bucket are in non-mainland China regions. In other cases, the price is as below."

Unit Price for CDN Back-to-origin Traffic (US Silicon Valley)
Unit Price for Pay-as-you-go
US$0.076 / GB

See https://www.alibabacloud.com/product/oss/pricing for API Operation Calling Fees

  • Yes, up to 5 GB of standard storage
Amazon Web Services (AWS) Amazon S3 (US West (Northern California))
  • No minimum charge
Amazon S3 Storage pricing[16]
S3 Standard - General purpose storage for any type of data, typically used for frequently accessed data
First 50 TB / Month US$0.026 per GiB
Next 450 TB / Month US$0.025 per GiB
Over 500 TB / Month US$0.024 per GiB
S3 Intelligent - Tiering* - Automatic cost savings for data with unknown or changing access patterns
Monitoring and Automation, All Storage / Month (Objects > 128 KB) US$0.0025 per 1,000 objects
Frequent Access Tier, First 50 TB / Month US$0.026 per GiB
Frequent Access Tier, Next 450 TB / Month US$0.025 per GiB
Frequent Access Tier, Over 500 TB / Month US$0.024 per GiB
Infrequent Access Tier, All Storage / Month US$0.0144 per GiB
Archive Instant Access Tier, All Storage / Month US$0.005 per GiB
S3 Intelligent - Tiering* - Optional asynchronous Archive Access tiers
Archive Access Tier, All Storage / Month US$0.0045 per GiB
Deep Archive Access Tier, All Storage / Month US$0.002 per GiB
S3 Standard - Infrequent Access** - For long lived but infrequently accessed data that needs millisecond access
All Storage / Month US$0.0144 per GiB
S3 One Zone - Infrequent Access** - For re-createable infrequently accessed data that needs millisecond access
All Storage / Month US$0.0115 per GiB
S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval*** - For long-lived archive data accessed once a quarter with instant retrieval in milliseconds
All Storage / Month US$0.005 per GiB
S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval (Formerly S3 Glacier)***- For long-term backups and archives with retrieval option from 1 minute to 12 hours
All Storage / Month US$0.0045 per GiB
S3 Glacier Deep Archive*** - For long-term data archiving that is accessed once or twice in a year and can be restored within 12 hours
All Storage / Month US$0.002 per GiB
  • Yes, through "Free Tier" for new AWS accounts
DigitalOcean Spaces (SFO3, San Fransisco 3)
  • Amazon S3-compatible
  • Comes with built-in CDN
  • 1,024 GiB data egress
  • Base rate US$5.00 / month and includes 250 GiB of storage (cumulative across all Spaces)
  • Each additional gibibyte of storage over the first 250 gibibyte cost US$0.02
  • If cancel subscription by destroying all Spaces, bill will be prorated hourly
  • CDN with no additional cost

Spaces subscriptions include 1,024 GiB of outbound data transfer (from Spaces to the internet), which is shared between all Spaces. Additional outbound transfer is US$0.01 per GiB. Outbound data transfer is free in the following cases:

  • From Spaces in NYC3 to Droplets in NYC1, NYC2, and NYC3
  • From Spaces in SGP1 to Droplets in SGP1
  • From Spaces in SFO2 to Droplets in SFO1, SFO2, and SFO3
  • From Spaces in SFO3 to Droplets in SFO1, SFO2, and SFO3
  • From Spaces in AMS3 to Droplets in AMS2 and AMS3
  • From Spaces in FRA1 to Droplets in FRA1

Inbound bandwidth to Spaces never counts against your Spaces transfer allowance.

  • Yes, get US$200 credit for new accounts (good for 60 days)
Google Cloud Platform Cloud Storage (Oregon (us-west1))

Pricing based on storage class, network egress, and network usage

  • "Always Free usage" - all Google Cloud customers get 5 GB of US regional storage free per month
  • "Standard Storage" starting US$0.02 per GiB / month, no minimum storage duration
  • "Nearline Storage" starting US$0.01 per GiB / month, 30 days minimum storage duration
  • "Coldline Storage" starting US$0.004 per GiB / month, 90 days minimum storage duration
  • "Archival Storage" starting US$0.0012 per GiB / month, 365 days minimum storage duration

Data processing costs for Class A[17] and Class B[18] operations (free operations are free)

  • "Standard Storage" - US$0.05 per 10,000 Class A operations, US$0.004 per 10,000 Class B operations
  • "Nearline Storage" - US$0.10 per 10,000 Class A operations, US$0.01 per 10,000 Class B operations
  • "Coldline Storage" - US$0.10 per 10,000 Class A operations, US$0.05 per 10,000 Class B operations
  • "Archival Storage" - US$0.50 per 10,000 Class A operations, US$0.50 per 10,000 Class B operations
  • Monthly Free Usage Limits:
    • 5,000 Class A operations
    • 50,000 Class B operations
    • 100 GiB from North America to each GCP egress destination (Australia and China excluded)
  • See https://cloud.google.com/storage/pricing for specifics

Retrieval fees are applied when performing read, copy, move, or rewrite operations on object data or metadata

  • "Standard Storage" - US$0 per GiB
  • "Nearline Storage" - US$0.01 per GiB
  • "Coldline Storage" - US$0.02 per GiB
  • "Archival Storage" - US$0.05 per GiB

For network egress prices see https://cloud.google.com/storage/pricing#network-buckets for egress within Google Cloud and https://cloud.google.com/storage/pricing#network-egress for egress outside of Google Cloud

  • Yes, 5 GB of US regional storage free per month
IBM Cloud IBM Cloud Object Storage (us-south, no US West Coast)
  • 25 GB per month free
  • There is no charge for delete requests
  • There is a "One Rate" pricing plan with a flat monthly charge per GB; this is different from storage class pricing plan
    • "The One Rate plan is best suited for active workloads with large amount of outbound bandwidth as a percent of the storage capacity."
IBM Cloud Object Storage class pricing
Smart Tier (Automatic pricing-tier) Standard (Predictable) Vault (Predictable) Cold Vault (Predictable)
Monthly Usage Automatic cost optimized for data of any activity or access Active data accessed frequently Less active data accessed once a month Cold data accessed a few times yearly
Storage capacity (USD/GB/month)
Smart Tier - Hot US$0.0210 N/A N/A N/A
Smart Tier - Cool US$0.0120 N/A N/A N/A
Smart Tier - Cold US$0.0075 N/A N/A N/A
0-499.9 TB N/A US$0.0220 US$0.0120 US$0.0060
500+ TB N/A US$0.0200 US$0.0100 US$0.0060
Operational requests (USD)
Class A (per 1000) US$0.0050 US$0.0050 US$0.0100 US$0.0250
Class B (per 10,000) US$0.0050 US$0.0040 US$0.0100 US$0.0250
Data retrieval (per GB) No charge No charge US$0.0100 US$0.0500
Public outbound bandwidth (USD/GB)
0-50 TB US$0.0900 US$0.0900 US$0.0900 US$0.0900
Next 100 TB US$0.0700 US$0.0700 US$0.0700 US$0.0700
Next 350 TB US$0.0500 US$0.0500 US$0.0500 US$0.0500
+500 TB Contact sales Contact sales Contact sales Contact sales
Aspera© transfers egress (USD/GB)
0-50 TB US$0.0800 US$0.0800 US$0.0800 US$0.0800
Next 100 TB US$0.0600 US$0.0600 US$0.0600 US$0.0600
Next 350 TB US$0.0400 US$0.0400 US$0.0400 US$0.0400
+500 TB Contact sales Contact sales Contact sales Contact sales
IBM Cloud Object Storage "One Rate" plans
Region Storage Capacity (USD/GB/month) Class A Operations (USD per 1,000) Class B Operations (USD per 10,000) Outbound bandwidth (USD/GB) Data Retrieval (USD/GB)
North America (us-south, us-east, ca-tor, mon01, sjc04) US$0.0400 (GB/month) No charge up to 100 x storage in GB, then US$0.0050. No charge up to 1000 x storage in GB, then US$0.0040. No charge up to 100% of storage in GB then US$0.0500. No charge
Europe (eu-gb, eu-de, ams03, mil01, par01) US$0.0400 (GB/month) No charge up to 100 x storage in GB, then US$0.0050. No charge up to 1000 x storage in GB, then US$0.0040. No charge up to 100% of storage in GB then US$0.0500. No charge
South America (br-sao) US$0.0440 (GB/month) No charge up to 100 x storage in GB, then US$0.0050. No charge up to 1000 x storage in GB, then US$0.0040. No charge up to 100% of storage in GB then US$0.0800. No charge
Asia Pacific (au-syd, jp-osa, jp-tok, che01, sng01</code) US$0.0440 (GB/month) No charge up to 100 x storage in GB, then US$0.0050. No charge up to 1000 x storage in GB, then US$0.0040. No charge up to 100% of storage in GB then US$0.0800. No charge
  • Yes, 25 GB per month free
Linode Object Storage (Atlanta, Georgia (us-southeast-1); Object Storage in Fremont, California "coming soon")

Technical specifications:

  • Amazon S3-compatible
  • Network In: 40 Gbps
  • Bucket and object management through the Linode CLI, s3cmd, and s4cmd
  • Provision via Cloud Manager or Linode CLI
  • Programmatic management via Linode API

Usage specifications:

  • Minimum storage allotment: 250GB
  • Maximum storage per account: 5TB
  • Maximum objects per account: 50,000,000 objects
  • Maximum buckets per account: 1,000 buckets
  • Upload file size limit: 5GB
  • Restricted file name characters: " ' < > & + =
  • Rate limiting: 750 requests per second per bucket
  • 40 Gbps inbound network bandwidth
  • Free inbound network transfer
  • Includes 1 TB (prorated) of transfer allowance per month
  • Base rate US$5.00 / month and includes 250 gigabytes of storage.
    • Prorated, so if you use Object Storage for a fraction of the month you are charged a fraction of the cost.
  • Each additional gigabyte of storage over the first 250 gigabytes cost US$0.02, and this usage is also prorated based on usage time.
  • No
Microsoft Azure Blob Storage (West US 2)
  • Hierarchical namespace (NFS v3.0 protocol)
  • Locally redundant storage (LRS)
Azure Blob Storage pricing[19]
Data storage prices per month
Premium Hot Cool Archive
First 50 terabyte (TB) / month US$0.15 per GB US$0.018 per GB US$0.01 per GB US$0.00099 per GB
Next 450 TB / month US$0.15 per GB US$0.0173 per GB US$0.01 per GB US$0.00099 per GB
Over 500 TB / month US$0.15 per GB US$0.0166 per GB US$0.01 per GB US$0.00099 per GB
Operations and data transfer
Premium Hot Cool Archive
Write operations (per 10,000) US$0.0228 US$0.065 US$0.13 US$0.13
Read operations (per 10,000) US$0.0019 US$0.005 US$0.013 US$6.50
Iterative Read Operations (per 10,000) N/A US$0.005 US$0.013 US$6.50
Iterative Write Operations (100's) N/A US$0.065 US$0.13 US$0.13
Data Retrieval (per GB) N/A N/A US$0.01 US$0.02
Data Write (per GB) Free Free Free Free
Index (GB/month) N/A US$0.026 N/A N/A
All other Operations (per 10,000), except Delete, which is free US$0.0019 US$0.005 US$0.005 US$0.005
  • Yes
    • 5 GB locally redundant storage (LRS) hot block with 20,000 read and 10,000 write operations for 12 months with new account
    • US$200 Azure credit for 30-days for a new account
Oracle Cloud Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) Object Storage

Storage limits:

  • Number of Object Storage namespaces per root compartment: 1
  • Maximum object size: 10 TiB
  • Maximum object part size in a multipart upload: 50 GiB
  • Maximum number of parts in a multipart upload: 10,000
  • Maximum object size allowed by PutObject API: 50 GiB
  • Maximum size of object metadata: 2 K (documentation uses "K", assume this unit refers to kilobytes)
OCI Object Storage pricing
Product Unit price Unit
Object Storage - Infrequent Access US$0.01 Gigabyte storage capacity per month
Object Storage - Infrequent Access - Retrieval US$0.01 Gigabyte storage retrieved per month
Object Storage - Standard US$0.0255 Gigabyte storage capacity per month
Object Storage - Requests US$0.0034 10,000 requests per month
  • Yes, "Always Free" tier
    • 10 GB Object Storage – Standard
    • 10 GB Object Storage – Infrequent Access
    • 10 GB Archive Storage
  • Yes, 30-day free trial with US$300 in credits
OVHcloud Object Storage (Beauharnois, Quebec, Canada; no US regions w/ object storage)
  • Compatible with Amazon S3
Standard Object Storage (Amazon S3 API)
Name Price
N/A, only available in Gravelines, France
Standard Object Storage (Swift API[20][21])
Name Price
Incoming traffic Included
Outgoing traffic US$0.011 / GB
Storage replicated x3 US$0.0123 per month / GB

"Object Storage is charged according to the storage space used, with a granularity of 1GB.

For optimal readability, the price is displayed per GB/month — but since there are 720 hours in an average month, the billing granularity is per GB/hour."

  • Yes, limited "Public Cloud Free Trial" special offer with US$200 credit for new accounts
Tencent Cloud Cloud Object Storage
  • No public pricing; documentation links are broken
Wasabi Wasabi Object Storage (North America)
  • S3 compatible
  • No fee for egress or API requests
"Pay As You Go" Plan
Region Storage Ingress Data Transfer Egress Data Transfer* API Requests*
North America US$5.99 TB/mo (US$.0059 GB/mo) Free Free Free
Europe (All locations) US$5.99 TB/mo (US$.0059 GB/mo) Free Free Free
APAC (All locations) US$6.99 TB/mo (US$.0068 GB/mo) Free Free Free

*subject to Wasabi's free egress and API request policies

  • Minimum monthly storage charge of 1 TB of active storage
  • Minimum file size for charging is 4 kilobytes (KB)
  • Yes, 30-day free trial:
    • Store up to 1 terabyte
    • No credit card required
    • No auto-charge after the trial ends

Decentralized Storage[]

Vendor Decentralized Storage Products
Vendor Product (Region) Features Pricing Free Tier/Trial? References
Filebase Managed Object Storage
  • S3 compatible
  • No charge for ingress or API requests
IPFS Free Starter Pro Business
Base Pricing US$0 US$20/mo US$100/mo US$500/mo
Total Files Pinned N/A Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited
Total GB Storage 1 GB 200 GB 1,000 GB 5,000 GB
Additional Storage N/A US$0.15/GB US$0.12/GB US$0.10/GB
Dedicated Gateway Bandwidth N/A 400 GB 2,000 GB 10,000 GB
Additional Bandwidth N/A US$0.015/GB US$0.015/GB US$0.015/GB
Public Gateway Bandwidth Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited
Dedicated IPFS Gateways 0 1 3 5
API Requests Limited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited
S3 Compatible API Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sia Object Storage -
Base Pricing US$5.99/mo IF no IPFS subscription purchased
Total Storage 1 TB included with Sia subscription, otherwise billed by GB usage per below
Additional Storage US$0.0059/GB
Dedicated Gateway Bandwidth 1 TB included with Sia subscription, otherwise billed by GB usage per below
Additional Bandwidth US$0.0059/GB
Files Unlimited
S3 Compatible API Yes

Yes, 5GB free tier w/ 1000 pinned files for IFPS

Storj Decentralized Cloud Storage (Storj DCS)
  • S3 compatible
  • Doesn't charge for egress bandwidth if client decides to transfer data to another third-party service[22]
  • "Free" tier
    • Storage - 150 GB / month
    • Bandwidth - 150 GB / month
  • "Pro" tier
    • Storage @ US$4/TB per month (additional per-segment fee of US$0.0000088 applies)
    • Bandwidth @ US$7/TB per month
  • Yes, 150 GB per month of static object storage for a single project and 150GB of download bandwidth (egress) per month for a single project

CDNs[]

Serverless (Lambda functions or PaaS)[]

Can be associated with Function as a Service (FaaS) or Platform as a Service (PaaS). Use cases range from one-off tasks, scheduled tasks to full stack applications.

Serverless Services Vendors
Vendor Region Availability Features Price Free Tier/Trial?[23] References
Cloudflare Workers Yes
Cyclic Yes
Fly Yes
Heroku No
Koyeb Yes
Northflank Yes
Qoddi Yes
Railway Yes
Render Yes

Website Hosting[]

"Higher" level than cloud computing services since hosting details are abstracted from the end-user and less control over low-level stuff like hardware, resource allocation, database access, etc. Blurs the line between operating your own cloud server/service vs. working on a platform-as-a-service. May be limited in developing + deploying full-stack web apps, but is a good alternative for static websites (typically used for blogs).

Website Hosting Vendors
Vendor Product Features Price Free Tier/Trial?[24] References
Bluehost Shared Hosting "Choice Plus" tier
  • "40 GB SSD Storage"
  • "Free CDN"
  • "Unlimited websites"
  • Free domain for a year
  • Custom WordPress themes
  • Free SSL
  • Daily website back up for 1st year
  • "Domain Privacy"
  • "Malware Scanning"
  • "Yoast SEO Free"
  • Google Ads
"Choice Plus" tier
  • US$19.99/month for 12 months (1 year)
    • As of 06:33, 18 February 2023 (UTC), promo 72% off @ US$5.45/month
  • US$18.99/month for 36 months (3 years)
    • As of 06:33, 18 February 2023 (UTC), promo 60% off @ US$7.45/month
No
Wordpress.com "Business" tier
  • Free domain for a year
  • "Premium" themes
  • Google analytics integration
  • "Install plugins and extend functionality for your site with access to more than 50,000 WordPress plugins"
    • Likely proprietary/vendor lock-in
  • "Advanced" SEO (Search Engine Optimization) tools
  • "Jetpack Backup": automated backups & one-click restores
  • SFTP, SSH, WP-CLI, and database access
"Business" tier
  • US$40/month billed monthly
  • US$25/month billed annually
Yes

Labor[]

Cloud Engineer[]

The equivalent job title(s) for managing wiki hosting would probably be "Cloud Engineer". Bare minimum requirements would probably be two engineers for 24/7 monitoring and maintenance.

Cloud Engineer Full-Time Salary in current US market (Last updated: 18:44, 9 November 2022 (UTC))
Source Average/Median Yearly Salary[25] Average/Median Monthly Salary
https://www.indeed.com/career/cloud-engineer/salaries as of 2022-11-05 US$122,058.00 US$10,171.50
https://www.salary.com/research/salary/listing/cloud-engineer-salary US$130,475.00 US$10,872.92
https://www.glassdoor.com/Salaries/cloud-engineer-salary-SRCH_KO0,14.htm (use Incognito mode) as of 2021-12-13 US$90,327.00 US$7,527.25
https://www.payscale.com/research/US/Job=Cloud_Engineer/Salary as of 2022-11-01 US$91,409.00 US$7,617.41
https://www.ziprecruiter.com/Salaries/Cloud-Engineer-Salary as of 2022-11-02 US$127,554.00 US$10,629.50
https://www.monster.com/salary/q-cloud-architect-salary US$136,358.00 US$11,363.16
https://www.talent.com/salary?job=cloud+engineer US$127,579.00 US$10,631.58
Average US$117,965.71 US$9,830.47

More generic, starting job title:

Software Engineer I Full-Time Salary in current US market (Last updated: 04:47, 13 November 2022 (UTC))
Source Average/Median Yearly Salary[26] Average/Median Monthly Salary
https://www.indeed.com/career/software-engineer/salaries US$87,907 US$7,325.58
https://www.salary.com/research/salary/benchmark/software-engineer-i-salary as of 2022-10-27 US$74,777 US$6,231.42
https://www.glassdoor.com/Salaries/software-engineer-salary-SRCH_KO0,17.htm (use Incognito mode) as of 2021-12-13 US$84,264 US$7,022.00
https://www.payscale.com/research/US/Job=Junior_Software_Engineer/Salary as of 2022-10-18 US$64,102 US$5,341.83
https://www.ziprecruiter.com/Salaries/Software-Engineer-I-Salary US$81,664 US$6,805.33
https://www.monster.com/salary/q-software-developer-engineer-salary US$102,219 US$8,518.25
https://www.talent.com/salary?job=entry+level+software+engineer US$76,331 US$6,360.92
Average US$81,609.14 US$6,800.76

System Administrator[]

Alternatively, sysadmin could be another title for this position.

System Administrator Full-Time Salary in current US market, 1-3 YoE (Last updated: 06:16, 8 February 2023 (UTC))
Source Average/Median Yearly Salary[27] Average/Median Monthly Salary
https://www.indeed.com/career/systems-administrator/salaries as of 2023-02-05 US$78,671 US$6,555.92
https://www.glassdoor.com/Salaries/systems-administrator-i-salary-SRCH_KO0,23.htm as of 2022-09-15 US$65,098 US$5,424.83
https://www.salary.com/research/salary/benchmark/systems-administrator-i-salary as of 2023-01-26 US$69,207 US$5,767.25
https://www.payscale.com/research/US/Job=Systems_Administrator/Salary as of 2023-01-17 US$65,032 US$5,419.33
https://www.ziprecruiter.com/Salaries/What-Is-the-Average-Systems-Administrator-Salary-by-State as of 2023-02-07 US$74,687 US$6,223.92
https://www.zippia.com/systems-administrator-jobs/salary/# as of 2023-02-06 (using entry level salary) US$59,000 US$4,916.66
Average US$68,615.83 US$5,717.99

Living Wage[]

USA is pretty comparable for determining upper bound of global cost of living so you can use their numbers to determine an average living wage that is globally applicable (i.e. regardless of where you live, you can survive with this income, outside of outliers like Hong Kong). As of 2022, Hawaii is the most expensive state to live in on average, requiring a minimum of US$45,739.20 yearly full-time salary (US$3,811.60 monthly) to meet average cost of living for a single adult with no dependents.[28]

This salary is comparable to labor positions like Content Moderator or Social Media Manager which may be relevant to wiki development.

Case Studies[]

Weird Gloop Ltd. (Runescape wikis before hosting Minecraft wiki)[]

Source: https://meta.weirdgloop.org/w/Forum:Mid-2023_business_update

As of August 2023 (note that all dollar amounts are approximates):

  • Owns Weird Gloop USA, Inc.
  • Income:
    • Say average US$35,000 per month from advertisement revenue (using Playwire)[29]
    • US$1,900 per month from Patreon
    • Plus negligible extra cash from Jagex who is covering some infrastructure costs
    • = US$36,900 per month ≈ US$37,000 per month income
  • Expenditures:
    • 2 full-time US employees ("system administrators") each around US$6,000 a month (US$72,000 yearly salary)
      • 6k figure includes taxes, insurance, pension
    • US$1,800 per month on Google Cloud infrastructure
    • US$200 per month on Cloudflare CDN and secondary DigitalOcean webservers
    • US$2,000 per year on legal expenses
      • Say US$166.67 per month
    • US$4,000 per year on accounting and payroll services
      • Say US$333.33 per month
    • Plus US$20,000 to US$30,000 per year for community IRL events, team-building, or other projects
      • Say US$2083.33 per month (25k/12)
    • = US$16,583.33 ≈ US$17,000 per month expenditure
  • Savings:
    • US$20,000 per month

External Links[]

  1. Bytes transferred over network; smaller the number the better, less bandwidth used
  2. Total number of bytes of data that make up webpage, independent of network; typically smaller the number the better, less client-heavy CPU load to decompress/process resource sent over network
  3. Bytes transferred over network; smaller the number the better, less bandwidth used
  4. Total number of bytes of data that make up webpage, independent of network; typically smaller the number the better, less client-heavy CPU load to decompress/process resource sent over network
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Large media file is a 15-second TurboTax ad in .mp4 format. 2nd media request was a redirect to same ad.
  6. 29-second local government ad on recycling in .mp4 format
  7. Lee, Alexander (2023, April 6). Why Fandom is investing in live event programming for its DreamHack partnership. Digiday. Accessed 2023-04-06. Archived from the original on 2023-04-06. "'We have a lot of evergreen wikis for gaming, because they're so large and have such massive fan bases,' said Fandom director of sales research and insights Alexandra Saraniti, who told Digiday that an average of 17 million Minecraft fans read Fandom content every month.".
  8. https://warframe.fandom.com/wiki/Special:SocialActivity
  9. https://ubuntu.com/server/docs/installation
  10. https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Installation_requirements
  11. https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Reduce_size_of_the_installation
  12. Products offered may differ per availability zone
  13. Most vendors require signing up with a valid payment method before being eligible for free trial/services, credit card is most common but may extend to PayPal or other payment processing services
  14. Most vendors have a flexible pay-per-usage model that can scale up for cloud bursting so actual monthly/hourly rate may vary depending on use case and actual traffic. Base rates may also change without notice so these values may be outdated
  15. Amazon Elastic Block Store
  16. https://aws.amazon.com/s3/pricing/?nc=sn&loc=4
  17. (Expensive) Data manipulation operations like inserts, updates
  18. Data queries like gets
  19. https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/details/storage/blobs/#pricing
  20. https://docs.openstack.org/swift/latest/index.html
  21. If want Amazon S3 support may need to use Swift s3api middleware as per https://support.us.ovhcloud.com/hc/en-us/articles/4408821185043-Getting-Started-with-the-Swift-S3-API
  22. https://docs.storj.io/dcs/billing-payment-and-accounts-1/pricing/billing-and-payment as of 2022-08-15
  23. Most vendors require signing up with a valid payment method before being eligible for free trial/services, credit card is most common but may extend to PayPal or other payment processing services
  24. Most vendors require signing up with a valid payment method before being eligible for free trial/services, credit card is most common but may extend to PayPal or other payment processing services
  25. Base pay
  26. Base pay
  27. Base pay
  28. https://livingwage.mit.edu/states/15
  29. "The nature of ad agencies is that they often pay out to publishers in "NET D" terms, where the revenue recognized for a specific month isn't paid out for some number of days afterwards. In our case, we have "NET 60" terms with Playwire, which means that ad revenue from (say) the month of July won't be paid out until about 60 days after the end of the invoice period. [...] This kinda sucks for cash flow, since it means we're always 2-3 months behind, and our bills still come due at normal times. But Jagex did something pretty neat, which is that they pre-paid our invoice for the entire year, which (besides just generally being less paperwork for them and us) also gave us a lot more cash-flow flexibility for the year as we slowly build up a war chest from the ad revenue." - Cook
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